It from bit: Explores the notion that underlying physical reality, there is an immaterial source and explanation, which, for lack of better characterization, may be viewed abstractly as information and computation.
The problem of free will: Neither determinism nor indeterminism encompasses free will, which thus seems to be a distinct causal primitive in Nature. This program explores the computational and neurobiological basis of free will.
Individuation, identity and Self: The nature of individual identity is somewhat elusive both in the microscopic domain of identical quantum particles, as well as in the macroscopic domain of the neural self that emerges from brain dynamics. This program explores the meta-mathematical, neuroscientifc and philosophical arguments for the (non-)existence and nature of a unified individual self.
- Computational complexity and uncomputability in the real world